August 17, 2018

How to Choose a Bank

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The right bank for you depends on your needs. Do you want easy access, low fees, or good interest rates? Here's how to choose the best bank for you.

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When you're talking about a place to store your hard-earned money, it's important that the bank meets your needs.

Some banks provide flexibility and convenient access, while others offer great rates and customer service. Know what's important to you.

There are a few different types of banks. Each has different benefits (and drawbacks). Read on to learn more.

TYPES OF RETAIL BANKS

You have four choices when deciding where to do your personal banking:

No matter which you choose, make sure the bank is FDIC insured. This means your deposit accounts (checking, savings, money market and CDs) are insured up to $250,000. In other words, you won't lose your money in the VERY unlikely event that your bank closes.

Here's a guide to the different types of retail banks.

Looking to open a new bank account? Be sure to check out the current bank promotions first. Banks often offer cash bonuses for opening a new account. See Chase new account bonus.

National Banks

These "big banks" (including names like Chase, Bank of America and Wells Fargo) typically have branch locations and ATMs throughout the country. No matter where you live or travel, you'll still be able to do your banking in person.

But the downside is that national banks tend to have lower interest rates and more fees. Often, you'll need to maintain a minimum balance or else you'll pay a service fee. And the interest rate is practically non-existent, so your money won't grow.

Pros

  • Numerous branches and ATMs nationwide
  • A wide range of products and services, including investment options
  • Convenient for travelers and students in out-of-town colleges

Cons

  • Very low interest rates
  • Monthly maintenance fees, often tied to a minimum account balance
  • Some banks charge when you go over a set number of monthly ATM transactions

Regional or Community Banks

This kind of retail bank is usually limited to one geographical area, whether it be several states or a single city or town. You won't have the same in-person access to your funds as a national bank when you move or travel. But regional banks usually offer more interest and fewer fees to entice customers.

Pros

  • Better interest rates
  • Lower fees and minimum account balance requirements
  • More personal relationship

Cons

  • Fewer branch locations and in-network ATMs to access your money, especially when traveling
  • You may need to switch banks when moving

Tip: Many regional banks, and even some smaller, community-based ones, now have convenient online options. This means you can still manage your money effectively even when you can't visit a local branch. But be careful—fees for withdrawing money from out-of-network ATMs can quickly add up.

Credit Unions

Unlike the other types, these mom-and-pop-style banks aren't trying to turn a profit. Credit unions operate by pooling the money of their members. They tend to have a limited number of locations (sometimes only one branch). But they make up for it with customer-friendly rates, few fees, and great, personalized service.

You need to become a member of a credit union in order to open an account. Most of the time, there are some requirements. For example, you have to work with a certain organization or you have to join a certain group.

Pros

  • Higher interest on accounts and competitive loan rates
  • Great customer service

Cons

  • Usually very few branch locations and small, local ATM networks
  • Very limited online banking options
  • Need to qualify to join

Online Banks

This type of bank (including Ally, CIT Bank and Synchrony) has NO physical locations. Instead, you handle all transactions through their website or mobile app. You'll use ATMs for withdrawals (often with rebates for fees).

With no physical overhead, online banks pass the money they save onto you by way of higher interest rates. Many also have no service fees and fewer balance requirements.

Pros

  • Best interest rates
  • Minimal or no fees
  • Often no opening deposit or balance requirements

Cons

  • No physical branch locations
  • Difficulty depositing cash
  • No personal banking relationships

FINDING THE BEST BANK FOR YOU

Now that you're familiar with the basic types of retail banks, it's time to do a little homework to determine which one suits your needs. Here are some questions to consider:

  • Do you handle most of your banking online?
    If you're computer savvy—or just antisocial—then online banks are the way to go. You can handle most transactions from a secure, encrypted website or mobile app. (However, you will need to visit an ATM to withdraw money.)

    While national and many regional banks also offer these services, the strictly-online ones boast the best interest rates for your money.

    If you're considering opening an online savings account, you should check out our top picks.

  • How often do you travel?
    For frequent business travelers, vacationers, and college students, national or online banks provide the most convenient access. National banks have the largest number of branch and ATM locations, while online banks may refund fees for out-of-network ATM withdrawals.

  • Do you regularly deposit cash?
    National, regional/community and credit unions allow for cash deposits in person or through in-network ATMs. Since online banks don't have physical locations, you can't easily deposit cash with them.

    Many banks offer bonuses for opening a new account with them, however, sometimes they require that you set up direct deposit. If you work at a job where you're paid in cash and don't have direct deposit, there are bonus offers available for you too. Check out a list of the best current bank promotions that do NOT have a direct deposit requirement.

  • How important is saving?
    If your goal is to see your money make money, online banks provide the best available interest rates. Regional/community banks and credit unions also offer competitive rates if you'd rather have a bank you can visit in person.

    Check out the best online savings accounts and CDs for the highest interest rates.

  • Are you concerned about fees and balance requirements?
    Many online banks have no monthly service fees or account balance requirements. National banks will usually require a minimum balance in order to avoid a service fee. If you don't want some of your money tied up like that, then it's best to consider an online bank.

  • Do you plan to open other types of accounts?
    National banks typically offer the best range of products, often including CDs, retirement accounts and other investments.

  • How much does customer service matter to you?
    Regional/community banks and especially credit unions, which are "owned" by their members, usually provide the best personalized customer service.

  • How often do you use ATMs?
    This one gets a bit tricky. National banks have the most ATMs, which translates to the best access. But some national banks charge when you go over a set number of monthly visits. On the other hand, regional or community bank customers will get charged for using an out-of-network ATM (if not by your bank then certainly by the one that owns the ATM).

    You may want to consider online banks. Some utilize nationwide ATM networks like Allpoint, while others will credit some of your ATM fees from other banks.

BOTTOM LINE

When it comes to personal banking, you have several options, ranging from small, local credit unions and regional institutions to huge national and online banks. Consider your needs and do some research to find the best one for you.

Once you've narrowed down the right type for you, take some time to research several individual banks. Fees, interest rates, account minimums, and other features vary greatly. You can look online or call the customer service number for information.

Disclaimer: Opinions expressed here are author's alone. Please support CreditDonkey on our mission to help you make savvy decisions. Our free online service is made possible through financial relationships with some of the products and services mentioned on this site. We may receive compensation if you shop through links in our content.

More from CreditDonkey:


How to Open a Bank Account


Bank Promotions without Direct Deposit


Checking vs Savings Account

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